What is Dandruff, Its Causes and How to Treat them?

Posted by Usama Tariq on


Dandruff is a common skin condition that causes itchy, flaky skin on the scalp. White, oily flakes (dead skin cells) accumulate on your shoulder and in your hair and it often gets worse during the winter months. It is not dangerous or serious but it can be difficult to treat. It can cause damage and scarring, slowing or stopping hair growth. It can also cause weak and thin hair.


It is so common that it affects half of the world’s adult population.


  • Itchy scalp
  • Erythema
  • Hair loss
  • Skin flakes on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, and shoulders


  • Dry skin
  • Oily skin
  • Other skin conditions like eczema
  • Fungus called Malassezia

There are several sorts of dandruff

  • Dry skin dandruff
  • Oily skin dandruff
  • Fungal dandruff
  • Dandruff caused by psoriasis


  1. Dry skin dandruff

This is the most common type of dandruff that happens mostly in the winter months. In, cold weather Indoor heating can dry out your pores and skin, along with the skin on your scalp. Washing hair regularly with hot water makes the scalp go very dry. The main symptoms are falling flakes and an itchy scalp. Dry and curly hair suffers from this type very often.

Dry Skin Dandruff

How to get rid of dry skin dandruff

Wash your hair every day with a gentle shampoo like Eazicare PH-6 Shampoo to lower the quantity of oil on your scalp. If your dandruff is extra intense or a regular shampoo doesn't work, try a dandruff-free shampoo. Most dandruff-free shampoos contain medication that kills the fungus in your scalp or eliminates flaky pores and skin.

If the itchiness becomes severe or you have a more serious skin condition contact a medical professional.

Homemade remedies

  • Use apple cider vinegar
  • Use lemon juice
  • Use baking soda
  • Coconut oil massage. For overnight dandruff treatment, combine 5 to 10 drops of tea tree oil with 5 tablespoons of coconut oil and massage it on your scalp. It may also help to relieve itchiness and prevent your scalp from drying out.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids can also treat skin dryness. Omega-3 is also found in foods like flaxseeds and oily fish such as salmon.


  1. Oily skin dandruff

Oily skin dandruff is different from dry dandruff in that it is caused by sebum (the natural oil produced by the sebaceous glands) production. It is also referred to as seborrheic dermatitis. Below the surface of your skin are glands that produce sebum. It is an oily substance that helps to moisturize and protect your scalp. When these glands produce too much sebum then your hair becomes oily. This oil can cause all dead skin cells and dirt to form itchy flakes.

Oily Skin Dandruff

Oily skin dandruff flakes tend to be larger than dry skin dandruff. The flakes appear oily and may look more yellow than white.

Stress and anxiety levels also cause high amounts of sebum oil in result oily skin and dandruff.


  • Genes
  • Stress
  • Hormonal malfunction
  • Scalp infection
  • Unhealthy diet

How to treat oily skin dandruff

According to experts

  • Time for a fresh start
  • Use a scalp scrub
  • Switch shampoo use chemical free shampoo
  • Shampoo your hair frequently with Eazicare Clarifying Anti Residue Shampoo because it eliminates extra oil from hair
  • Rinse your hair daily.

Homemade remedies to get rid of oily dandruff

  • Use Aloe Vera: It may help to treat skin conditions like burns, psoriasis, and cold sores.
  • Coconut oil: Coconut oil has multiple benefits, it is also used as a natural remedy for dandruff.
  • Minimize your stress level: Stress affects many aspects of human health. It may cause dryness and itching.
  • Aspirin: This is an acid used in many anti-dandruff shampoos.
  • Omega 3 products: It plays an important role in your body. Omega 3 is vital to skin health it manages oil production and hydration.


  1. Fungal dandruff

It is a type of common fungus called Malassezia. Fungal Malassezia is a natural compound found on the skin and scalp. This fungal infection spreads quite rapidly when your scalp is excessively oily or has a pH imbalance. In some people, it can trigger an inflammatory response that produces dandruff or other conditions, such as eczema.

Fungal Dandruff


White or yellowish dandruff flakes

How to prevent fungal dandruff

Try cleansing with a gentle shampoo like Eazicare Ph-6 Shampoo to reduce oil and skin cell build-up or try medicated dandruff shampoo.

Home remedies

  • Coconut oil. Start by rubbing 3 to 5 teaspoons into your scalp. Then wait an hour and shampoo your hair.
  • Apple cider vinegar. Mix a quarter cup of apple cider vinegar with a quarter cup of water, then pour it over your scalp.


  1. Dandruff caused by psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin condition in which the immune system begins attacking healthy skin tissues. This results in the speedy production of new skin cells before the old dead skin flakes off. The end result is the formation of thick silver-colored scaly patches on your scalp, neck, and knees.

Psoriasis Dandruff


  • Silver-colored scaly patches
  • Thick white big flakes on the scalp
  • Redness

If it becomes serious or you have symptoms of psoriasis contact a medical professional.

Dandruff can easily be treated with the help of natural methods.

  1. Fenugreek seeds
  2. Olive oil
  3. Apple cider vinegar
  4. Baking soda
  5. Lemon juice
  6. Tea tree oil
  7. Aloe Vera
  8. Omega-3s
  9. Vinegar
  10. Egg yolk

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